The trigger-information-response model: Exploring health literacy during the first six months following a kidney transplantation
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionDahl, K.G., Engebretsen, E., Andersen, M.H. et al. (2019) The trigger-information-response model: Exploring health literacy during the first six months following a kidney transplantation. PLOS ONE, 14 (10): e0223533. 10.1371/journal. pone.0223533
The main objective of this study was to explore how kidney transplant recipients find, understand, and use health information, and make decisions about their health—also known as health literacy. Kidney transplant recipients must take an active part in their health following the transplantation, since a new organ requires new medication and focus on lifestyle to prevent side-effects and signs of organ rejection. Consequently, it is of major clinical relevance to explore how kidney transplant recipients understand and relate to health literacy. Ten kidney transplant recipients were interviewed at three weeks and again at six months post-transplantation. Design and analysis were inspired by constructivist grounded theory. The results of the study are presented through a model consisting of three phases: the trigger phase, the information phase, and the response phase. The participants were influenced by context and personal factors as they moved between three phases, as information seekers, recipients, and sharers. This study illustrates health literacy as an active process. It gives new insight into what motivates kidney recipients to find, share, and receive information, and how a hierarchy of resources is built and used.