Harmonisation of relevant international standards and regulations to achieve hydrogen risk reduction measurement at NORCE laboratories in the risk management perspective
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- Studentoppgaver (TN-ISØP) 
Hydrogen is the most talked about topic today. Besides being able to reduce carbon dioxide levels with combustion products that do not produce carbon dioxide or known as green energy, its potential as a substitute for existing energy is needed. There are two important things that make hydrogen needed as a substitute for existing energy. The first is the limited availability of hydrocarbons based on(IEO, 2019) “the global supply of crude oil, other liquid hydrocarbons, and biofuels is expected to be adequate to meet the world's demand for liquid fuels through 2050”. This must be kept in mind if future energy shortages are to be avoided. The second thing is concern for climate change. The use of hydrogen as a substitute for existing energy will reduce the level of carbon dioxide production. As we know in general that one of the factors for global warming is the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.The higher the level of risk that is unknown and could arise over time as the use of hydrogen increases. Hydrogen-based systems, like any other technical system, will unavoidably include hazards connected with potentially dangerous conditions that endanger public safety, health, or the environment. Such as in this case, NORCE laboratories using hydrogen in their fermentation system. In order to ensure that connected products and systems are safe and perform as designed, safety issues must be addressed methodically for each equipment that involved hydrogen.Risk analysis is the right step to make a detailed understanding of risk in an event. However, in the case of hydrogen use, risk analysis is not sufficient. Third party services are also available to help create hydrogen hazard prevention applications for each piece of equipment. However, this seems excessive and tends to be disproportionate to the costs incurred for a research lab that uses hydrogen below the LEL (low explosion limit).The main objective of this thesis is to solve the problem of using hydrogen safely in the NORCE laboratory. Starting from a detailed understanding of the risk perspective in order to describe the risk of hydrogen accidental phenomena and consequences. This is important because it will relate to the selection of the right type of regulation and standard for designing risk reducing measures methods. In this case, the author uses the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC 60079) series of explosive atmosphere standards and the International Standard Organization (ISO 15916) regarding basic considerations for the safety of hydrogen systems because the potential for explosions in hydrogen release often occurs. In addition, the principle of risk reducing measures and emergency response plan is based on the regulations of Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSAN) and NORSOK Z-013. As a result, this thesis provides several recommendations regarding risk reducing measures methods at NORCE Laboratories.