Joint computation offloading and deployment optimization in multi-UAV-enabled MEC systems
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionChen, Z., Zheng, H., Zhang, J. et al. (2021) Joint computation offloading and deployment optimization in multi‑UAV‑enabled MEC systems. Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications. 10.1007/s12083-021-01245-9
The combination of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and mobile edge computing (MEC) technology breaks through the limitations of traditional terrestrial communications. The effective line-of-sight channel provided by UAVs can greatly improve the communication quality between edge servers and mobile devices (MDs). To further enhance the Quality-of-Service (QoS) of MEC systems, a multi-UAV-enabled MEC system model is designed. In the proposed model, UAVs are regarded as edge servers to offer computing services for MDs, aiming to minimize the average task response time by jointly optimizing UAV deployment and computation offloading. Based on the problem definition, a two-layer joint optimization method (PSO-GA-G) is proposed. First, the outer layer utilizes a Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm combined with Genetic Algorithm operators (PSO-GA) to optimize UAV deployment. Next, the inner layer adopts a greedy algorithm to optimize computation offloading. The extensive simulation experiments verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed PSO-GA-G. The results show that the PSO-GA-G can achieve a lower average task response time than the other three baselines.