Sensitivity to hydrogen induced cracking, and corrosion performance of an API X65 pipeline steel in H2S containing environment: influence of heat treatment and its subsequent microstructural changes
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionAnijdan, S. H. M., Arab, Gh., Sabzi, M., Sadeghi, M., Eivani, A. R., Jafarian, H. R. (2021) Sensitivity to hydrogen induced cracking, and corrosion performance of an API X65 pipeline steel in H2S containing environment: influence of heat treatment and its subsequent microstructural changes. Journal of Materials Research and Technology (JMR&T), 15. 10.1016/j.jmrt.2021.07.118
In this investigation, the effect of microstructural changes and phase equilibria on corrosion behavior and hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) sensitivity of an API X65 pipeline steel was studied. For this purpose, heat treatment was performed at 850 °C, 950 °C, 1050 °C and 1150 °C to engineer the desired microstructure of this pipeline steel. Then, the microstructural evolution was performed by optical microscopy, and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS). Corrosion properties were evaluated in H2S environment by open circuit potential (OCP), Potentiodynamic polarization and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). As well, HIC sensitivity of the API X65 pipeline steel was assessed by hydrogen charging of the cathode and immediately conducting the tensile test. Microscopy analyses showed that the microstructure of the steel is ferritic-pearlitic together with the islands of martensite/austenite constituents. Increasing the heat treatment temperature reduced the amount of pearlite and increased ferrite grain size. It also stabilized the ferrite content. Corrosion results indicated that no active layer was formed on the surface of this pipeline steel. Also, increasing the heat treatment temperature increased the corrosion resistance and reduced sensitivity to micro-galvanic localized corrosion. As well, results suggested that the sensitivity to HIC in the API X65 pipeline was substantially increased with increasing the amount of pearlite and reducing the amount of ferrite; i.e. at lower heat treatment temperature.