An Approach to Determine Optimal Bow Configuration of Polar Ships under Combined Ice and Calm-Water Conditions
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionLi, H., Feng, Y., Ong, M. C., Zhao, X., & Zhou, L. (2021). An Approach to Determine Optimal Bow Configuration of Polar Ships under Combined Ice and Calm-Water Conditions. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(6), 680. 10.3390/jmse9060680
Selecting an optimal bow configuration is critical to the preliminary design of polar ships. This paper proposes an approach to determine the optimal bow of polar ships based on present numerical simulation and available published experimental studies. Unlike conventional methods, the present approach integrates both ice resistance and calm-water resistance with the navigating time. A numerical simulation method of an icebreaking vessel going straight ahead in level ice is developed using SPH (smoothed particle hydrodynamics) numerical technique of LS-DYNA. The present numerical results for the ice resistance in level ice are in satisfactory agreement with the available published experimental data. The bow configurations with superior icebreaking capability are obtained by analyzing the sensitivities due to the buttock angle γ, the frame angle β and the waterline angle α. The calm-water resistance is calculated using FVM (finite volume method). Finally, an overall resistance index devised from the ship resistance in ice/water weighted by their corresponding weighted navigation time is proposed. The present approach can be used for evaluating the integrated resistance performance of the polar ships operating in both a water route and ice route.