Browsing Department of Mathematics and Physics (TNIMF) by Document Types "Journal article"
Now showing items 120 of 178

A Class of Tests for Trend in Time Censored Recurrent Event Data
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 201904)Statistical tests for trend in recurrent event data not following a Poisson process are generally constructed for event censored data. However, time censored data are more frequently encountered in practice. In this paper ... 
Ab initio study: Investigating the adsorption behaviors of polarized greenhouse gas molecules on pillar[5]arenes
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)Supramolecular organic frameworks (SOFs) based on Pillar[5]arenes (P[5]A) have shown great potential in capturing and separating greenhouse gases. In this study, we investigate the adsorption behaviors of other environmentally ... 
Abinitio QCD Calculations Impact the Inference of the Neutronstarmatter Equation of State
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)We demonstrate that abinitio calculations in QCD at high densities offer significant and nontrivial information about the equation of state of matter in the cores of neutron stars, going beyond that which is obtainable ... 
Analytic structure of nonhydrodynamic modes in kinetic theory
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 201909)How physical systems approach hydrodynamic behavior is governed by the decay of nonhydrodynamic modes. Here, we start from a relativistic kinetic theory that encodes relaxation mechanisms governed by different timescales ... 
Anomalous lowtemperature thermodynamics of QCD in strong magnetic fields
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 201711)The thermodynamics of quantum chromodynamics at low temperatures and in sufficiently strong magnetic fields is governed by neutral pions. We analyze the interacting system of neutral pions and photons at zero baryon chemical ... 
AnomalyInduced Inhomogeneous Phase in Quark Matter without the Sign Problem
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)We demonstrate the existence of an anomalyinduced inhomogeneous phase in a class of vectorlike gauge theories without the sign problem, thus disproving the longstanding conjecture that the absence of the sign problem ... 
Bayesian inference of realtime dynamics from lattice QCD
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)The computation of dynamical properties of nuclear matter, ranging from parton distribution functions of nucleons and nuclei to transport properties in the quarkgluon plasma, constitutes a central goal of modern theoretical ... 
Bayesian seismic inversion for stratigraphic horizon, lithology, and fluid prediction
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)We have developed an efficient methodology for Bayesian prediction of lithology and pore fluid, and layerbounding horizons, in which we include and use spatial geologic prior knowledge such as vertical ordering of ... 
Bayesian uncertainty quantification of perturbative QCD input to the neutronstar equation of state
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)The equation of state of neutronstar cores can be constrained by requiring a consistent connection to the perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) calculations at high densities. The constraining power of the QCD input ... 
Beyond cuts in small signal scenarios: Enhanced sneutrino detectability using machine learning
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)We investigate enhancing the sensitivity of new physics searches at the LHC by machine learning in the case of background dominance and a high degree of overlap between the observables for signal and background. We use two ... 
Black hole spectroscopy in the next decade
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)Gravitational wave observations of the ringdown of the remnant black hole in a binary black hole coalescence provide a unique opportunity of confronting the black hole nohair theorem in general relativity with observational ... 
Bottomonium suppression at RHIC and LHC
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 201902)The strong suppression of heavy quarkonia is a good indicator that one has generated a quarkgluon plasma (QGP) in an ultrarelativistic heavy ion collision. Recent advancements in first principles calculations of the heavy ... 
Broad excitations in a 2+1D overoccupied gluon plasma
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 202105)Motivated by the initial stages of highenergy heavyion collisions, we study excitations of farfromequilibrium 2+1 dimensional gauge theories using classicalstatistical lattice simulations. We evolve field perturbations ... 
Bryan’s Maximum Entropy Method—Diagnosis of a Flawed Argument and Its Remedy
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 202009)The Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) is a popular data analysis technique based on Bayesian inference, which has found various applications in the research literature. While the MEM itself is wellgrounded in statistics, I ... 
Bubble nucleation and quantum initial conditions in classical statistical simulations
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)Classicalstatistical lattice simulations provide a useful approximation to outofequilibrium quantum field theory, but only for systems exhibiting large occupation numbers, and only for phenomena that are not intrinsically ... 
Can cancer cells inform us about the tumor microenvironment?
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)Characteristics of the tumor microenvironment (TME) such as the leaky intratumoral vascular network and the density and composition of the desmoplastic extracellular matrix (ECM) contain essential information that determine ... 
Chemical equilibration in hadronic collisions
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)We study chemical equilibration in outofequilibrium quarkgluon plasma using the first principles method of QCD effective kinetic theory, accurate at weak coupling. In longitudinally expanding systems—relevant for ... 
Chemical equilibration in weakly coupled QCD
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)We study thermalization, hydrodynamization, and chemical equilibration in outofequilibrium quarkgluon plasma starting from various initial conditions using QCD effective kinetic theory, valid at weak coupling. In ... 
Chiral density wave versus pion condensation at finite density and zero temperature
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 201804)The quarkmeson model is often used as a lowenergy effective model for QCD to study the chiral transition at finite temperature T, baryon chemical potential μB, and isospin chemical potential μI. We determine the parameters ... 
Chiral soliton lattice in QCDlike theories
(Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)Recently, it has been shown that the ground state of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) in suffciently strong magnetic fields and at moderate baryon number chemical potential carries a crystalline condensate of neutral pions: ...