What are the characteristics of effective leaders?
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- Master's theses (SV-NHS) 
This study proposes the characteristics of an effective leader in the perception of students in Norway. The thesis is a partial replication of the research article by Offermann, Kennedy, and Wirtz (1994), explored with a quantitative method. Data was collected through an online survey and analyzed in the statistical program SPSS. Previous researchers have found which characteristics characterizes an effective leader, which has been supported by this thesis. Implicit Leadership Theory and Leadership Categorization Theory created a foundation to explore the characteristics of an effective leader. Additionally, an aim was to explore if the perception on leadership prototypes depended on the respondent’s gender, which have been claimed by prior research. Furthermore, to investigate that the results are credible, a comparative analysis with two other studies in different context revealed that the characteristics for an effective leader is consistently as following; Dedication, Intelligence, and Charisma. This thesis revealed that female and male leaders are perceived very similar. However, there are still some association between communal characteristics and female leaders, and between agentic characteristics and male leaders. This is predicted by Social Role Theory which postulates the expectation of female and male leaders, to understand how these perceptions are developed. This theory also suggest that females are more interested in the relationship with others, while males are interested in having power over others.
Master's thesis in International Hospitality Management