A study of academic motivation during COVID-19 in tourism and hospitality education: professor/student perception correlations of the MUSIC® Model components
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- Studentoppgaver (SV-NHS) 
The purpose of this study is to investigate correlations in perception of academic motivation between professors and students in a teaching setting affected by COVID-19. The components used to measure motivation are taken from the MUSIC® Model of Academic Motivation, which estimates motivation using five metrics: eMpowerment, Usefulness, Success, Interest and Caring. A quantitative design was used in this study utilising two surveys. One survey measured the perceptions of tourism and hospitality professors, the other measured the perceptions of the students attending the courses of the surveyed professors. Finally, results were compared to find differences in perception in the same class between professors and students. The main findings from this study suggest that there are some variations in the perceptions of the MUSIC-components. They showed overall higher perceptions of the MUSIC-components among the professors. The largest difference in perceptions between professors and students was found in the Caring and Usefulness components. These were also the two of the five components that was perceived the highest. These differences were argued to be affected by the rapid change of the Interest component. This change, initiated by COVID-19, was the transformation from classroom to online teaching. The Interest component, defined by a student’s interest in the instructional methods used in teaching, was both perceived lowest and least different. This suggests that an improvement in the instructional methods professors’ use can lead to a decreased gap in perception between professors and students in the Caring and Usefulness components.