Public transportation in Sandnes - A mobility justice perspective
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- Studentoppgaver (SV-IMS) 
Urban mobility is changing. The broad agreement on the need for sustainable mobility transitions has resulted in transport- and mobility-related measures locally and nationally worldwide. New trends in mobility call for attention to social justice and equity in mobility-related practices. Sandnes is a medium-sized city in the larger region Nord Jæren in Norway, well underway in its sustainable mobility transition. The Urban Growth Agreement (byvekstavtalen) has been signed by all municipalities in Nord Jæren to ensure that the increase in transport will be in terms of public transport, walk or bicycle. Literature on transport and mobility practices tends to be region-based and does not always account for social justice. Despite an increased focus on mobility justice globally, there is still a lack of knowledge on mobility justice in Norway and in Sandnes specifically. Sandnes differs from the other municipalities in Nord Jæren in use of land, size, and distances. Because mobility justice may be linked to context specifics, this study aims to fill this gap by investigating the practice of public transportation in two locations in Sandnes from a mobility justice perspective. To do so, this thesis aims to answer the following research questions; What are the motivations for public transport or car transportation in the city center and in Hommersåk? What measures, from the respondents’ perspectives, can be carried out in order to increase their use of public transport in Sandnes? To what degree can mobility justice variables be connected to the practice of public transportation in Sandnes? The study follows a multiple methods qualitative approach in the attempt to answer the research questions, including semi-structured focus group discussions, a small-scale survey, and a few in-depth interviews. The findings show that there are many motivations and barriers to public transportation in Sandnes, some of which can be linked to the concept of mobility justice. Especially four mobility justice variables were important when deciding on a mode of transportation; economy, infrastructure, use of time, and life situations. The study demonstrates the need to further implement justice perspectives in governance and urban planning and to include the infrastructural dimension of governance in decision-making processes.